Durum semolina is a coarse granular product made from the purified endosperm of top-grade amber durum wheat. It is enriched to meet government standards. In North America, the most common use for durum semolina is for making pasta, yet it has many other international uses. It is used for making couscous in North Africa, and other parts of the Arab world. In Arab cuisine, it forms the basis of many soups, gruels, stuffings, puddings, and pastries.